Treatment includes iron pills, or rarely, blood transfusion.
Anemia of chronic disease: People with chronic kidney disease or other chronic diseases tend to develop anemia. Anemia of chronic disease does not usually require treatment. Injections of a synthetic hormone, epoetin alfa Epogen or Procrit , to stimulate the production of blood cells or blood transfusions may be necessary in some people with this form of anemia.
Pernicious anemia B12 deficiency: A condition that prevents the body from absorbing enough B12 in the diet. This can be caused by a weakened stomach lining or an autoimmune condition.
Is blood like your waistline - the thinner, the better?
Besides anemia, nerve damage neuropathy can eventually result. High doses of B12 prevent long-term problems. In people with aplastic anemia, the bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells, including red blood cells. Medications , blood transfusions, and even a bone marrow transplant may be required to treat aplastic anemia.
In people with this condition, an overactive immune system destroys the body's own red blood cells, causing anemia. Medicines that suppress the immune system, such as prednisone , may be required to stop the process. This is a genetic form of anemia that mostly affects people of Mediterranean heritage. Most people have no symptoms and require no treatment. Others may need regular blood transfusions to relieve anemia symptoms.
Thin blood: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
A genetic condition that affects mostly people whose families have come from Africa, South or Central America, the Caribbean islands, India, Saudi Arabia, and Mediterranean countries that include Turkey, Greece, and Italy. In sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells are sticky and stiff. They can block blood flow.
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Severe pain and organ damage can occur. If your diet is low in iron, folate, or vitamin B, you may be at risk for thrombocytopenia. This is especially true if you also consume large quantities of alcohol. Changing your diet to include less alcohol and more foods rich in iron, folate, and vitamin B may help restore your platelet levels. Your doctor may also recommend a daily supplement to help supply these important nutrients.
That said, more platelet activity can also lead to faster platelet destruction. Both cases result in fewer platelets circulating in your bloodstream. If you have mild thrombocytopenia, you may not have any noticeable symptoms.
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The condition is often discovered during routine blood work when lab results show low levels of platelets. The more obvious signs of thrombocytopenia are changes in external bleeding. Platelets help blood clot by clumping together to stop an injury from bleeding too much. If the same kind of cut bleeds longer than it should, it could be thrombocytopenia. The same is true if brushing or flossing your teeth start to cause bleeding. Other signs of thin blood include nosebleeds and abnormally heavy menstrual flow.
Thin blood can also cause bruises to appear under the skin. A minor bump can cause the tiny blood vessels under the skin to bleed.
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This can result in purpura , which are small purple, red, or brown bruises. These bruises can develop easily and frequently. Another sign of thrombocytopenia is petechiae. These are small red or purple spots on the skin. At your appointment, your doctor will review your medical history and your current health and behaviors. You should be prepared for questions about your:. Your doctor will measure your platelet levels with a blood test. In some cases, they may also recommend an ultrasound of your spleen to check for any irregularities.
Treating thrombocytopenia often means treating the condition causing thin blood. For example, if the drug heparin is causing your platelet count to drop too low, your doctor may recommend you switch to a different anti-platelet drug. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
They're full of water, and have loads of the minerals, vitamins, and fiber you need. Drink a variety of low-calorie beverages to quench your thirst. Sparkling water, skim or low-fat milk, coffee, tea, and low-calorie soda are good choices. The calories from whole milk, regular soda, juice, and other sugary beverages can really add up. There's something appealing about the idea that thin, fluid blood is better for you than thick, gooey blood. There are just a few things that stand in its way.
First, we don't really know if it's true. Second, we don't have a dipstick for checking blood viscosity. Kensey hopes that clinicians will buy a device he invented called the Rheolog that can measure blood viscosity in the doctor's office. Whether this adds anything beyond traditional tests like cholesterol and blood pressure measurements remains to be seen.
In the meantime, it makes sense to exercise, eat a healthy diet, avoid cigarette smoke, and reduce stress. These steps do much more for you than merely thin your blood. If your cholesterol is high, taking a statin makes sense for reasons beyond reducing blood viscosity. Talk with your doctor about whether aspirin is right for you. What about drinking more water? It's always a good idea to keep yourself well hydrated. Chronic mild dehydration has been linked with mitral valve prolapse and noncardiovascular problems such as bladder cancer.
It's a common reason for daytime sleepiness and constipation. Among people over age 65, dehydration is one of the most frequent causes of hospitalization. One of the most commonly used heart drugs is warfarin Coumadin , a so-called blood thinner. Warfarin doesn't really alter the thickness viscosity of your blood.
Blood Disorders Affecting White Blood Cells
Instead, it makes it harder for blood to form clots. Warfarin does this by blocking the action of vitamin K, a key player in the body's clotting cascade. You have to find the amount of water that's right for you. The "rule" that we each need eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day turns out to be as much fiction as fact see "8x8 under fire". If you can manage an extra glass or two of water a day, so much the better. But if prostate trouble, an overactive bladder, or other problems make urination a chore, then drinking more to theoretically ward off a heart attack or stroke isn't a good tradeoff.
Is blood like your waistline - the thinner, the better? But if water just isn't the beverage for you, there are other ways to get as much as you need:
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